Glossary Of Pest Control Terms And Definitions
- AbdomenOn insects, the third or last major body region which has spiracles on most segments.
- Active InfestationEvidence of present activity by that organism, visible in, on, or under a structure, or in or on debris under the structure.
- Active IngredientThe component in a pesticide product which kills pests or affects pest behavior
- AdultA sexually mature and fully grown arthropod which, in most species, is incapable of further growth.
- AerosolsReady-to-use pesticide formulations which contain an active ingredient, solvent, and propellant.
- AllergyA sensitivity reaction such as asthma, which develops after an initial exposure to a proteinaceous substance.
- AnaphylacticA hypersensitivity reaction to proteins and other substances which, upon a second exposure, can cause life threatening conditions.
- AntennaThe paired segmented sensory structures on the head of an insect; located above the mouthparts and near the eye.
- AnteriorNearer the front, especially situated in the front of the body or nearer to the head.
- AnthropodAn invertebrate animal which has a segmented body and jointed appendages; member of the phylum arthropoda.
- AntigenA proteinaceous substance which causes an allergic reaction. In summary an antigen is a molecule that binds to Ag-specific receptors, but cannot necessarily induce an immune response in the body by itself. Antigens are usually peptides, polysaccharides or lipids. In general, molecules other(...)
- BacteriumSingle-celled microorganizms which have no chlorophyll and which multiply by simple division. Some cause diseases and death in insects.
- BaitA pesticide formulation which contains water or food attractant and an active ingredient.
- CapitateA form of insect antenna which is expanded into a head at the tip.
- CartonIn Formosan termites, wasps and hornets, the nest material composed of partially digested wood and soil cemented together with secretions and fecal material.
- CasteIn social insects, a group of individuals which have a common functional characteristic such as a worker, soldier, and reproductive.
- Certified ApplicatorA pesticide applicator whom has passed the state certification testing and is authorized to purchase and apply restricted use pesticides.
- CheliceraThe paired, typically fang-like anterior projections on many arachnids.
- Chitin Synthesis inhibitorA chemical which affects the formation of the insects exoskeleton and causes death during the molting process.
- CL-100 Inspection ReportThe official wood-destroying organism report for use in the state of South Carolina.
- ClavateA form of insect antenna which is expanded into a club at the tip.
- CollophoreIn spring tails, the tube-like structure located on the underside of the first abdominal segment.
- CommensalRefers to rodents which live in close association with humans.
- Complete metamorphosisIn insects, the developmental life cycle consisting of egg, several larval stages, pupa, and adult.
- Compound eyeThis type of eye is composed of many individual cells, each having its own facet on the surface.
- CoxaThe first leg segment attached to the ventral surface of the thorax.
- CrochetsSmall hook-like structures found on the underside of the prolegs on moth and butterfly larvae (caterpillars)
- CuticleThe thin three-layer outer surface of the exoskeleton.
- Delusory parasitosisAn individual's imaginary belief that their body is infested with insects.
- DeutonymphIn ticks and mites, the second nymphal stage.
- DorsalBack; upper side; top.
- Dorsoventrally flattenedThe space between the dorsal and ventral surfaces is narrower than the distance between the two sides; flat like a pancake.
- DustsA dry pesticide formulation consisting of fine particles of talc or clay which are coated with an active ingredient.
- ElbowedBent with a sharp angle approximately at 90 degrees.
- ElytraThe first pair of wings typical of most beetles which are heavy, shield-like coverings.
- Emulsifiable concentrateA pesticide formulation composed of an active ingredient, solvent, and emulsifier which readily dissolve in water.
- Endangered Species ActRegulates activities which can affect endangered and threatened animal and plant species.
- EngorgeTo fill with blood.
- EntomologyThe study of insects.
- EntomophobiaFear of insects.
- ESARegulates activities which can affect endangered and threatened animal and plant species.
- ExoskeletonThe exterior shell or skeleton characteristic of the phylum arthropoda.
- FacetThe external covering of a single element of the compound eye.
- FACTThis law requires private and commercial pesticide applicators to record the use of restricted-use pesticides.
- Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic ActThe law establishing tolerances and acceptable levels of certain pesticides in food.
- Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide ActThis is the most comprehensive law regulating pesticide use, registration, labeling, applicator training and certification, and enforcement.
- FestoonsIn many hard ticks, the rectangular areas on the posterior edge of the abdomen.
- FFDCAThe law establishing tolerances and acceptable levels of certain pesticides in food.
- FIFRAThis is the most comprehensive law regulating pesticide use, registration, labeling, applicator training and certification, and enforcement.
- FiliformA form of insect antenna which typically consists of many segments and is long and thread-like.
- FlowableA liquid pesticide formulation composed of finely ground particles of the active ingredient which mix with water to form a suspension.
- FontanelleIn some termites, a small pore on the front of the head.
- Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade ActThis law requires private and commercial pesticide applicators to record the use of restricted-use pesticides.
- FranchiseThe right or license granted to an individual to market a company's goods or services in a particular territory.
- FrassSolid fecal material; wood fragments typically mixed with excrement produced by wood infesting insects.
- FumigantA gas which, under proper conditions, readily penetrates all areas within a confined space and kills all life forms present
- FungusA plant which does not contain chlorophyll
- FurculaIn springtails, the fork-like structure attached to the tip of the abdomen
- Genal combIn fleas, a row of very heavy spines projecting downward from the front part of the head.
- GranulesA dry pesticide formulation consisting of particles, usually vermiculite, larger than those used in dusts, which are coated with an active ingredient.
- HaltereIn flies (Diptera), the knob-like structure which aids in maintaining blance during flight and is attached to the metathorax in place of the second pair of wings.
- HastasetaeSpear-headed setae (hair) usually found in clusters on dermestid beetle larvae.
- Hazardous Materials Transportation ActThis law regulates the transportation of hazardous materials and pertains to very few pesticides.
- HeadOn insects, the first major body region composed of the eyes, antennae, and mouthparts.
- HMTAThis law regulates the transportation of hazardous materials and pertains to very few pesticides.
- HypopharynxIn insect mouthparts, the tongue-like structure located in front of the labium and in the center of the other mouthparts.
- HypostomeIn ticks, the tube located in the center of the mouthparts.
- IGRSynthetic chemical analogous to insect juvenile hormones which regulate growth and development in insects.
- Inert ingredientA component of a pesticide which aids in dissolving the active ingredient and facilitates its use.
- Insect growth regulatorSynthetic chemical analogous to insect juvenile hormones which regulate growth and development in insects.
- InsecticideAn insecticide is a substance used to kill insects. They include ovicides and larvicides used against insect eggs and larvae, respectively.
- InstarThe stage between molts.
- Integrated pest management
- IPMA decision-making process that anticipates and prevents pest activity and infestation by combining various strategies to achieve long-term solutions. Components of an IPM program may include proper waste management, structural repair, maintenance, biological and mechanical control techniques,(...)
- LabiumIn insect mouthparts, the lower lip located behind the other mouthparts.
- LabrumIn insect mouthparts, the upper lip located above the mandibles.
- LarvaThe developmental stages etween the egg and pupa in insects with complete metamorphosis. In mites and ticks, the six-legged stage between the egg and nymphs.
- LarvacideAn insecticide which targets the larval stage of insects with complete metamorphosis
- MandibleIn insect mouthparts, the jaw.
- MaxillaIn insect mouthparts, the typically jaw-like structure which may have a palp; located behind the mandible.
- MesothoraxThe second and middle segment of the insect thorax and the point of attachment for the second pair of legs and the first pair of wings.
- MetamorphosisThe development and change an arthropod undergoes from the egg to adult.
- MetathoraxThe third and last segment of the insect thorax and the point of attachment for the third pair of legs and second pair of wings.
- MicroencapsulatedA pesticide formulation which consists of a liquid or dry active ingredient surrounded by a plastic coating which gradually releases the active ingredient.
- NaiadThe developmental stages between the egg and adult in aquatic insects with simple metamorphosis.
- National Pest Management AssociationAn international/national member-association of pest control operators located in Fairfax, Virginia (www.pestworld.org)
- NematodesUnsegmented soil-inhabiting worms which are parasitic on plants and animals.
- NPMAAn international/national member-association of pest control operators located in Fairfax, Virginia (www.pestworld.org)
- NymphThe developmental stages between the egg and adult in terrestrial insects with simple metamorphosis. In ticks and mites, the eight-legged stage between the larva and adult.
- Occupational Safety and Health ActA law which requires employers to provide a reasonably safe work environment and inform employees of potential health hazards associated with their jobs.
- OcellusA small, simple eye composed of a single facet or lens. The term "ocellus" (plural ocelli) is derived from the Latin oculus (eye), and literally means "little eye".
- OcethecaThe purse-shaped egg capsule common on cockroaches.
- OSHAA law which requires employers to provide a reasonably safe work environment and inform employees of potential health hazards associated with their jobs.
- OvipositorIn some insects, a long projection which extends from the tip of the abdomen and is used to lay eggs.
- ParasiteAn organism which lives in or on another organism from which it derives food and shelter.
- PathogenicThe ability of a microorganism to cause disease
- PedicelThe waist or small segment in ants and some bees and wasps; in ants, it is composed of one or two segments (nodes); in insects, the second antennal segment.
- Pest ControlThe periodic eradication of pests.
- PheromoneA chemical usually excreted outside the body and used for communication within a species
- PincersIn some insects, the forceps-like structure at the tip of the abdomen.
- PredatorAn organism which captures, kills, and eats its prey for food.
- PretarsusThe sixth and last leg segment located after the tarsus and usually consisting of one or two claws and a pd-like structure.
- ProboscisIn some arthropods, the long extension of the mouthparts used for sucking food; a beak
- ProlegPaired abdominal processes used for locomotion by butterfly and moth larvae (caterpillars) and few other insect larvae.
- Pronotal combIn fleas, the stout spines located along the posterior margin of the first body segment behind the head.
- PronotumThe top or dorsal plate on the prothorax.
- ProtonymphIn ticks and mites, the first nymphal stage.
- PupaThe developmental stage between the larval and adult stages in insects with complete metamorphosis.
- PyrethrinA natural insecticide derived from chrysanthemum plants which is irritating to many insect species and is used to flush them out of harborage areas; a toxicant
- Restricted-use pesticide
- RodenticideColloquially rat poison, are typically non-specific pest control chemicals made and sold for the purpose of killing rodents.
- SerrateA saw-like form of insect antenna.
- Simple metamorphosisIn insects, the developmental life cycle consisting of egg, several nymphal or naiad stages, and adult.
- Soluble powdersA dry pesticide formulation which dissolves in water to form a true solution.
- SolutionsA liquid pesticide formulation which dissolves readily in water or petroleum based solvent.
- SpiracleThe exterior opening of the respiratory system.
- StingerA modified ovipositor which is used to inject venom
- SwarmerIn termites and ants, the winged reproductive stage which leaves the nest in mass to reproduce.
- Synergista component frequently added to a pesticide product in order to enhance the activity of the active ingredient.
- TarsusThe fifth leg segment located between the tibia and the pretarsus; often composed of several segments.
- TechnicianA person who inspects structures and makes the application of pesticides to control pests.
- Termite ControlThe control or elimination of wood destroying termites.
- ThoraxThe middle section of the insect body which is composed of three segments - prothorax, mesothorax, and the metathorax; the point of attachment for the legs and wings.
- TibiaThe fourth leg segment located between the femur and the tarsus.
- TrochanterIn insect legs, the second segment located between the coxa and femur.
- ULDIn outdoor use, the application of very small quantities of a pesticide, e.g.. an few ounces per acre.
- Ultra low dosageIn outdoor use, the application of very small quantities of a pesticide, e.g.. an few ounces per acre.
- Ultra low volumeIn indoor use, the application of very small quantities of a pesticide, e.g. an ounce per 1,000 cubic feet.
- Ultra-VioletA wavelength of light which is very attractive to many insect species.
- ULVIn indoor use, the application of very small quantities of a pesticide, e.g. an ounce per 1,000 cubic feet.
- United States Environmental Protection AgencyThe regulatory agency responsible for pesticide registration and implementation of training and certification programs for certified pest control operators.
- US EPAThe regulatory agency responsible for pesticide registration and implementation of training and certification programs for certified pest control operators.
- UVA wavelength of light which is very attractive to many insect species.
- ValuePestAmerica’s low price leader in termite and pest control; the guaranteed solution to your home’s pest problems.
- ValuePest SystemThe smartest way to buy home pest prevention; termite and pest control combination service that saves homeowner’s 50%.
- WDIRThe official wood-destroying insect report for use in the state of North Carolina.
- Wettable powderA dry dust pesticide formulation designed for dispersal in water.
- Wood-Destroying Insect ReportThe official wood-destroying insect report for use in the state of North Carolina.