Glossary Of Pest Control Terms And Definitions
- AbdomenOn insects, the third or last major body region which has spiracles on most segments.
- Active InfestationEvidence of present activity by that organism, visible in, on, or under a structure, or in or on debris under the structure.
- Active IngredientThe component in a pesticide product which kills pests or affects pest behavior
- AdultA sexually mature and fully grown arthropod which, in most species, is incapable of further growth.
- AerosolsReady-to-use pesticide formulations which contain an active ingredient, solvent, and propellant.
- AllergyA sensitivity reaction such as asthma, which develops after an initial exposure to a proteinaceous substance.
- AnaphylacticA hypersensitivity reaction to proteins and other substances which, upon a second exposure, can cause life threatening conditions.
- AntennaThe paired segmented sensory structures on the head of an insect; located above the mouthparts and near the eye.
- AnteriorNearer the front, especially situated in the front of the body or nearer to the head.
- AnthropodAn invertebrate animal which has a segmented body and jointed appendages; member of the phylum arthropoda.
- AntigenA proteinaceous substance which causes an allergic reaction. In summary an antigen is a molecule that binds to Ag-specific receptors, but cannot necessarily induce an immune response in the body by itself. Antigens are usually peptides, polysaccharides or lipids. In general, molecules other(...)
- BacteriumSingle-celled microorganizms which have no chlorophyll and which multiply by simple division. Some cause diseases and death in insects.
- BaitA pesticide formulation which contains water or food attractant and an active ingredient.
- CapitateA form of insect antenna which is expanded into a head at the tip.
- CartonIn Formosan termites, wasps and hornets, the nest material composed of partially digested wood and soil cemented together with secretions and fecal material.
- CasteIn social insects, a group of individuals which have a common functional characteristic such as a worker, soldier, and reproductive.
- CephalothoraxAnterior body region in some arthropods in which the head and thorax are fused.
- CercusIn some arthropods, a pair of segmented appendages located on the dorsal side and tip of the abdomen.
- Certified ApplicatorA pesticide applicator whom has passed the state certification testing and is authorized to purchase and apply restricted use pesticides.
- CheliceraThe paired, typically fang-like anterior projections on many arachnids.
- Chitin Synthesis inhibitorA chemical which affects the formation of the insects exoskeleton and causes death during the molting process.
- CL-100 Inspection ReportThe official wood-destroying organism report for use in the state of South Carolina.
- ClavateA form of insect antenna which is expanded into a club at the tip.
- CocoonThe silken covering over the pupa which is woven by the last instar larva.
- CollophoreIn spring tails, the tube-like structure located on the underside of the first abdominal segment.
- CommensalRefers to rodents which live in close association with humans.
- Complete metamorphosisIn insects, the developmental life cycle consisting of egg, several larval stages, pupa, and adult.
- Compound eyeThis type of eye is composed of many individual cells, each having its own facet on the surface.
- CoxaThe first leg segment attached to the ventral surface of the thorax.
- CrochetsSmall hook-like structures found on the underside of the prolegs on moth and butterfly larvae (caterpillars)
- CuticleThe thin three-layer outer surface of the exoskeleton.
- Delusory parasitosisAn individual's imaginary belief that their body is infested with insects.
- DeutonymphIn ticks and mites, the second nymphal stage.
- DorsalBack; upper side; top.
- Dorsoventrally flattenedThe space between the dorsal and ventral surfaces is narrower than the distance between the two sides; flat like a pancake.
- DustsA dry pesticide formulation consisting of fine particles of talc or clay which are coated with an active ingredient.
- ElbowedBent with a sharp angle approximately at 90 degrees.
- ElytraThe first pair of wings typical of most beetles which are heavy, shield-like coverings.
- Emulsifiable concentrateA pesticide formulation composed of an active ingredient, solvent, and emulsifier which readily dissolve in water.
- Endangered Species ActRegulates activities which can affect endangered and threatened animal and plant species.
- EngorgeTo fill with blood.
- EntomologyThe study of insects.
- EntomophobiaFear of insects.
- ESARegulates activities which can affect endangered and threatened animal and plant species.
- ExoskeletonThe exterior shell or skeleton characteristic of the phylum arthropoda.
- FacetThe external covering of a single element of the compound eye.
- FACTThis law requires private and commercial pesticide applicators to record the use of restricted-use pesticides.
- Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic ActThe law establishing tolerances and acceptable levels of certain pesticides in food.
- Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide ActThis is the most comprehensive law regulating pesticide use, registration, labeling, applicator training and certification, and enforcement.
- FemurThe third lef segment between the trochanter and the tibia
- FestoonsIn many hard ticks, the rectangular areas on the posterior edge of the abdomen.
- FFDCAThe law establishing tolerances and acceptable levels of certain pesticides in food.
- FIFRAThis is the most comprehensive law regulating pesticide use, registration, labeling, applicator training and certification, and enforcement.
- FiliformA form of insect antenna which typically consists of many segments and is long and thread-like.
- FlowableA liquid pesticide formulation composed of finely ground particles of the active ingredient which mix with water to form a suspension.
- FontanelleIn some termites, a small pore on the front of the head.
- Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade ActThis law requires private and commercial pesticide applicators to record the use of restricted-use pesticides.
- FranchiseThe right or license granted to an individual to market a company's goods or services in a particular territory.
- FrassSolid fecal material; wood fragments typically mixed with excrement produced by wood infesting insects.
- FumigantA gas which, under proper conditions, readily penetrates all areas within a confined space and kills all life forms present
- FungusA plant which does not contain chlorophyll
- FurculaIn springtails, the fork-like structure attached to the tip of the abdomen
- Genal combIn fleas, a row of very heavy spines projecting downward from the front part of the head.
- GranulesA dry pesticide formulation consisting of particles, usually vermiculite, larger than those used in dusts, which are coated with an active ingredient.
- HaltereIn flies (Diptera), the knob-like structure which aids in maintaining blance during flight and is attached to the metathorax in place of the second pair of wings.
- HastasetaeSpear-headed setae (hair) usually found in clusters on dermestid beetle larvae.
- Hazardous Materials Transportation ActThis law regulates the transportation of hazardous materials and pertains to very few pesticides.
- HeadOn insects, the first major body region composed of the eyes, antennae, and mouthparts.
- HMTAThis law regulates the transportation of hazardous materials and pertains to very few pesticides.
- HypopharynxIn insect mouthparts, the tongue-like structure located in front of the labium and in the center of the other mouthparts.
- HypostomeIn ticks, the tube located in the center of the mouthparts.
- IGRSynthetic chemical analogous to insect juvenile hormones which regulate growth and development in insects.
- Inert ingredientA component of a pesticide which aids in dissolving the active ingredient and facilitates its use.
- Insect growth regulatorSynthetic chemical analogous to insect juvenile hormones which regulate growth and development in insects.
- InsecticideAn insecticide is a substance used to kill insects. They include ovicides and larvicides used against insect eggs and larvae, respectively.
- InstarThe stage between molts.
- Integrated pest managementA decision-making process that anticipates and prevents pest activity and infestation by combining various strategies to achieve long-term solutions. Components of an IPM program may include proper waste management, structural repair, maintenance, biological and mechanical control techniques,(...)
- IPMA decision-making process that anticipates and prevents pest activity and infestation by combining various strategies to achieve long-term solutions. Components of an IPM program may include proper waste management, structural repair, maintenance, biological and mechanical control techniques,(...)
- LabiumIn insect mouthparts, the lower lip located behind the other mouthparts.
- LabrumIn insect mouthparts, the upper lip located above the mandibles.
- LarvaThe developmental stages etween the egg and pupa in insects with complete metamorphosis. In mites and ticks, the six-legged stage between the egg and nymphs.
- LarvacideAn insecticide which targets the larval stage of insects with complete metamorphosis
- MandibleIn insect mouthparts, the jaw.
- MaxillaIn insect mouthparts, the typically jaw-like structure which may have a palp; located behind the mandible.
- MesothoraxThe second and middle segment of the insect thorax and the point of attachment for the second pair of legs and the first pair of wings.
- MetamorphosisThe development and change an arthropod undergoes from the egg to adult.
- MetathoraxThe third and last segment of the insect thorax and the point of attachment for the third pair of legs and second pair of wings.
- MicroencapsulatedA pesticide formulation which consists of a liquid or dry active ingredient surrounded by a plastic coating which gradually releases the active ingredient.
- NaiadThe developmental stages between the egg and adult in aquatic insects with simple metamorphosis.
- National Pest Management AssociationAn international/national member-association of pest control operators located in Fairfax, Virginia (www.pestworld.org)
- NematodesUnsegmented soil-inhabiting worms which are parasitic on plants and animals.
- NPMAAn international/national member-association of pest control operators located in Fairfax, Virginia (www.pestworld.org)
- NymphThe developmental stages between the egg and adult in terrestrial insects with simple metamorphosis. In ticks and mites, the eight-legged stage between the larva and adult.
- Occupational Safety and Health ActA law which requires employers to provide a reasonably safe work environment and inform employees of potential health hazards associated with their jobs.
- OcellusA small, simple eye composed of a single facet or lens. The term "ocellus" (plural ocelli) is derived from the Latin oculus (eye), and literally means "little eye".
- OcethecaThe purse-shaped egg capsule common on cockroaches.
- OSHAA law which requires employers to provide a reasonably safe work environment and inform employees of potential health hazards associated with their jobs.
- OvipositorIn some insects, a long projection which extends from the tip of the abdomen and is used to lay eggs.
- ParasiteAn organism which lives in or on another organism from which it derives food and shelter.
- PathogenicThe ability of a microorganism to cause disease
- PedicelThe waist or small segment in ants and some bees and wasps; in ants, it is composed of one or two segments (nodes); in insects, the second antennal segment.
- Pest ControlThe periodic eradication of pests.
- PheromoneA chemical usually excreted outside the body and used for communication within a species
- PincersIn some insects, the forceps-like structure at the tip of the abdomen.
- PredatorAn organism which captures, kills, and eats its prey for food.
- PretarsusThe sixth and last leg segment located after the tarsus and usually consisting of one or two claws and a pd-like structure.
- ProboscisIn some arthropods, the long extension of the mouthparts used for sucking food; a beak
- ProlegPaired abdominal processes used for locomotion by butterfly and moth larvae (caterpillars) and few other insect larvae.
- Pronotal combIn fleas, the stout spines located along the posterior margin of the first body segment behind the head.
- PronotumThe top or dorsal plate on the prothorax.
- ProtonymphIn ticks and mites, the first nymphal stage.
- PupaThe developmental stage between the larval and adult stages in insects with complete metamorphosis.
- PyrethrinA natural insecticide derived from chrysanthemum plants which is irritating to many insect species and is used to flush them out of harborage areas; a toxicant
- Restricted-use pesticideA product which is determined by the US EPA to cause adverse environmental effects even when used according to the label. These products can be applied only by or under the direct supervision of a certified applicator.
- RodenticideColloquially rat poison, are typically non-specific pest control chemicals made and sold for the purpose of killing rodents.
- SerrateA saw-like form of insect antenna.
- Simple metamorphosisIn insects, the developmental life cycle consisting of egg, several nymphal or naiad stages, and adult.
- Soluble powdersA dry pesticide formulation which dissolves in water to form a true solution.
- SolutionsA liquid pesticide formulation which dissolves readily in water or petroleum based solvent.
- SpiracleThe exterior opening of the respiratory system.
- StingerA modified ovipositor which is used to inject venom
- SwarmerIn termites and ants, the winged reproductive stage which leaves the nest in mass to reproduce.
- Synergista component frequently added to a pesticide product in order to enhance the activity of the active ingredient.
- TarsusThe fifth leg segment located between the tibia and the pretarsus; often composed of several segments.
- TechnicianA person who inspects structures and makes the application of pesticides to control pests.
- Termite ControlThe control or elimination of wood destroying termites.
- ThoraxThe middle section of the insect body which is composed of three segments - prothorax, mesothorax, and the metathorax; the point of attachment for the legs and wings.
- TibiaThe fourth leg segment located between the femur and the tarsus.
- TrochanterIn insect legs, the second segment located between the coxa and femur.
- ULDIn outdoor use, the application of very small quantities of a pesticide, e.g.. an few ounces per acre.
- Ultra low dosageIn outdoor use, the application of very small quantities of a pesticide, e.g.. an few ounces per acre.
- Ultra low volumeIn indoor use, the application of very small quantities of a pesticide, e.g. an ounce per 1,000 cubic feet.
- Ultra-VioletA wavelength of light which is very attractive to many insect species.
- ULVIn indoor use, the application of very small quantities of a pesticide, e.g. an ounce per 1,000 cubic feet.
- United States Environmental Protection AgencyThe regulatory agency responsible for pesticide registration and implementation of training and certification programs for certified pest control operators.
- US EPAThe regulatory agency responsible for pesticide registration and implementation of training and certification programs for certified pest control operators.
- UVA wavelength of light which is very attractive to many insect species.
- ValuePestAmerica’s low price leader in termite and pest control; the guaranteed solution to your home’s pest problems.
- ValuePest SystemThe smartest way to buy home pest prevention; termite and pest control combination service that saves homeowner’s 50%.
- WDIRThe official wood-destroying insect report for use in the state of North Carolina.
- Wettable powderA dry dust pesticide formulation designed for dispersal in water.
- Wood-Destroying Insect ReportThe official wood-destroying insect report for use in the state of North Carolina.
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