Cockroaches are among the most common insect pests. They have been here nearly 350 million years. They come in many sizes from very small to several inches long.
Only a few cockroach species found in the U.S. routinely enter and infest homes. The top 95 percent are German, America, Oriental and Brownbanded cockroaches.
Most cockroaches are tropical in origin, generally living outdoors. They are mostly active at night, when they forage for food and water, and search for mates. Cockroaches prefer a moist environment and high degree of warmth. Most are attracted to light.
These scavengers love unsanitary areas like garbage cans, wood piles, sewage systems and septic tanks. Cockroaches love cracks and crevices in which to hide form predators.
Cockroaches have a, “gradual metamorphosis,” which means they have a three stage life cycle – egg, nymph and adult.
The females produce an egg capsule, called an ootheca, which has two rows of eggs inside.
Once hatched, the nymphs generally resemble the adults but smaller in size. As they grow, the nymphs shed their skins or “molt” several times while growing into larger adult cockroaches.
Adult cockroaches spend their time foraging for food and developing more cochroaches.
Understanding cockroach biology and behavior is essential to controlling their populations inside of your home.
A professional cockroach control process will include:
- Inspection – The first step in any professional treatment program is, inspection. Where are the cockroaches nesting? What are the food and moisture sources?
- Identification – Before you can treat you must know which species of cockroaches you are dealing with because different species will react in different ways to treatment.
- Determination – Once you have identified the species you must determine the proper treatment process for that particular species. Which treatments – baits, liquid repellents or exterior granular applications will work best for this infestation?
- Control – Making the correct application of product.
- Communication – The last part of a successful cockroach control program is communication. Our technician reports, what was found during our inspection, what we did about it and what you can expect from our treatment. He will also discuss if further follow up treatments should be scheduled to make sure the problem is solved.